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¿Qué es una exención I-601?

¿Qué es una exención I-601?

If you were previously rejected after applying for a visa or any other immigration benefit, there’s still hope. This hope lies in an I-601 waiver which can potentially resolve the issues that caused the USCIS to reject an immigrant in the first place. Abogados de inmigración en Phoenix at Ybarra Maldonado Law Group specialize in guiding clients through the complicated I-601 application process. Call us today at 602-910-4040 para más información.

¿Qué es una exención I-601?

An I-601 waiver is also called an Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility. This waiver is generally used by immigrants who are applying for a visa, an adjustment of status, or another immigrant benefit that they aren’t eligible for. Importantly, the USCIS has recently changed its interpretation of motivo de inadmisibilidad

I-601 Application Process

The I-601 application process is incredibly complicated and time-consuming, often concluding one to two years later. Additionally, the application process requires immigrants to submit hundreds of incredibly invasive documents. For example, some of the necessary documents must establish that an immigrant’s relatives would suffer “extreme hardship” if the USCIS denied them U.S. citizenship.

¿Quién puede presentar una exención I-601?

Una exención I-601 puede beneficiar a una variedad de solicitantes, que incluyen:

  • Those who are currently outside the United States who want to file for an immigrant, K, or V visa. Additionally, the USCIS must have deemed applicants in this category as inadmissible after a visa interview.
  • Solicitantes de Ajuste de estado in regards to lawful permanent residence.
  • Solicitantes de Estatus de Protección Temporal (TPS).
  • Applicants for Adjustment of Status under the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief (NACARA).
  • Auto-peticionarios de la Ley de Violencia contra la Mujer (VAWA) o hijos de un auto-peticionario de VAWA.
  • Applicants for Adjustment of Status in regards to T nonimmigrant status.
  • Applicants for Adjustment of Status as a Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJ) are established by an approved I-360 form.

Motivos de inadmisibilidad que el USCIS puede renunciar

The types of inadmissibility that may be waived generally depend on what an immigrant is applying for.

The most common grounds of inadmissibility that the USCIS can potentially waive include:

  • Motivos relacionados con la salud
  • Motivos penales específicos
  • Membresía del Partido Totalitario
  • Fraude de inmigración o tergiversación, excluyendo reclamos falsos a ciudadanos estadounidenses
  • Contrabandistas y los que tienen que pagar sanciones civiles
  • Living illegally in the United States and receiving a 3 or 10-year ban as a result
  • NACARA, HRIFA, or VAWA applicants who were previously removed from the United States following previous immigration violations

¿Cómo decide USCIS si aprueba una exención I-601?

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is one of three agencies within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that is in charge of all things naturalization and immigration. One of the many specific functions of the USCIS is approving an I-601 waiver. However, the USCIS will usually only approve waivers under specific circumstances.

Health-Related Grounds

The USCIS can deem an immigrant as inadmissible on health-related grounds if they:

  • Tiene una enfermedad muy contagiosa.
  • Didn’t receive necessary vaccines for diseases that are undoubtedly preventable by vaccines.
  • Sufre de un trastorno físico o mental que le provoque un comportamiento nocivo. El USCIS considera que el comportamiento dañino es un comportamiento que amenaza a las personas o la propiedad.
  • Have an addiction to hard drugs.

The USCIS may approve an I-601 waiver related to vaccination inadmissibility if the immigrant receives all necessary vaccinations. Additionally, the USCIS may approve waivers if a doctor proves that vaccines would be harmful to the immigrant or the DHS secretary states that vaccines would violate an immigrant’s religious beliefs.

Membresía inmigrante en un partido totalitario

If an immigrant is or has been affiliated with the Communist Party or any other totalitarian party, the USCIS will deem them inadmissible.

However, the USCIS may approve an I-601 waiver if:

  • The immigrant has a spouse, parent, child, or sibling who is a United States citizen. The USCIS may also approve a waiver if the immigrant has a spouse, parent, child, or sibling who is legally permitted to live in the United States.
  • El USCIS no considera a un inmigrante como una amenaza para la seguridad de los Estados Unidos.
  • An immigrant submitted an I-601 waiver to maintain family unity or some other charitable reason.
  • Social and humane factors offset the applicant’s unsuitability as a permanent resident, in the view of the immigration officer.

Tergiversación

The USCIS may deem an immigrant as inadmissible if they lied about anything while applying for a visa or while trying to enter the United States. But the USCIS may approve an I-601 waiver if an immigrant can prove:

  • That not living in the United States would cause incredible distress to another citizen or legal immigrant living in the U.S.
  • Social and humane factors offset the applicant’s unsuitability as a permanent resident, in the view of the immigration officer.

Presencia ilegal

The government deems an immigrant who illegally lives in the United States for more than 180 days but less than a year inadmissible by the USCIS for three years. But, the USCIS may approve an I-601 waiver for an immigrant who proves that:

  • Not living in the United States would cause incredible distress to another citizen or legal immigrant living in the U.S.
  • Social and humane factors offset the applicant’s unsuitability as a permanent resident, in the view of the immigration officer.

Documentos que los inmigrantes deben incluir en una exención I-601

One of the most complicated parts of the entire I-601 application process is the amount of invasive paperwork required. If you want to start this process in the near future, these are just some of the documents you must submit to the USCIS.

Documentos biográficos

Estos son los documentos biográficos que el USCIS requiere para un proceso de solicitud I-601:

  • A petitioner must prove a qualifying relative’s legal status by including either their U.S. birth certificate, naturalization certificate, U.S. passport, or LPR green card.
  • The marriage certificate between the petitioner and the beneficiary.
  • Una copia del certificado de nacimiento del beneficiario, pasaporte estadounidense, visa estadounidense e I-94.
  • If the petitioner and the beneficiary had children, they must provide copies of their birth certificates as well.
  • If the beneficiary has previously filed paperwork with the USCIS, they should resubmit this paperwork along with other biographical documents.
  • Fotografías del beneficiario y peticionario junto con sus hijos, familiares y amigos.

Documentos del peticionario

Possibly the most important document a petitioner can submit is a statement that explains the level of distress they or their family would endure if someone can’t live with them in the United States. Or the statement must indicate the level of distress a petitioner would suffer if the USCIS forces them to leave the United States.

The statement should also address these factors:

Career and Education

Apetitioner must explain that their career or education is a big part of their desire to live in the U.S. and that leaving the country would be a major setback. A petitioner can also include details about a qualifying relative’s career and education. A petitioner must also explain that leaving the United States would incredibly disrupt a qualifying relative’s career and education opportunities.

Financial Hardships

A petitioner must go into extensive detail about their financial hardships. This may include evidence of credit card debt, mortgage payments, medical bills, and more.

Mental health issues

If a petitioner has depression, anxiety, or any other mental disorder, they must provide details about whether they’ve received therapy and medication. Additionally, the petitioner must explain how leaving the U.S. will impact their mental health.

Physical Health Issues

A petitioner must include details of any medical issues they suffer from. They must also include details about health insurance and how a petitioner will be able to pay for their medical issues while living in the United States.

Family Health Issues

A petitioner must include information about their family’s health issues. Additionally, petitioners must include whether family members rely on them due to their illness.

Documentos del beneficiario

A beneficiary is most commonly a spouse. Firstly, a beneficiary must explain how their spouse will greatly suffer if they can’t return to the United States. In this statement, it’s crucial for a beneficiary to only focus on their spouse’s needs, burdens, and desires.

The most important things a beneficiary must include in this statement include:

  • About the relationship: a beneficiary must explain how they met their spouse, when they decided to get married, and how long the beneficiary had been in the U.S. when they met their spouse.
  • Household contributions: a beneficiary must explain how their family would suffer without them living in the United States. Additionally, a beneficiary must explain what resources their family would need without them, such as welfare, food stamps, and more.
  • ¿El pariente calificado va a la escuela? If so, a beneficiary must explain how their absence would affect the relative’s schooling. For example, they must explain whether they pay for the relative’s schooling or if they can go to school without the beneficiary’s help.
  • Academic background: outside of the beneficiary’s statement, they must also include transcripts if they attended American schools. If a beneficiary graduated from an American school, they must also provide diplomas, degrees, report cards, school awards, and graduation pictures.
  • Long term residency: if a beneficiary has been in the United States for more than 10 years, they must provide proof of residency. Additionally, a beneficiary must provide copies of their last three tax returns (if they worked in the U.S.) as well as other evidence of financial hardship.

¿Qué hago si el USCIS niega mi exención I-601?

If the USCIS denies an I-601 waiver, an immigrant can appeal the denial by filing an I-290B form, also known as a Notice of Appeal.

I-601 Immigration Attorney in Phoenix, AZ

If you’re an immigrant, it’s crucial to have an immigration attorney on your side to help you navigate the complicated I-601 application process. Passionate and experienced immigration attorneys at Ybarra Maldonado & Alagha Law Group will fight to give you the best outcome possible. Call us today at 602-910-4040 para más información.

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